Hands on Signing
Hands on signing is also known as hand over hand signing, and refers to a type of sign language where the user's sense of touch as well as, or instead of, sight is used. There are other types of tactile signing, such as tracking, tactile fingerspelling, co-active signing, on-body signing, Lorm, tracing and Braille signing. The main reason such forms exist is to help people who are deafblind to communicate as they cannot use British Sign Language or any other kind of visual sign language. Some people who are deaf rather than deafblind may also choose to use hands on signing if they prefer but as fewer people are familiar with it, it usually makes sense for them to use visual sign language.
How Does It Differ?The words which are signed are signed in the same way, but with hands placed upon the body, using the sense of touch to establish what is being spelt out. Usually, the hands are placed upon the back of the 'listener' as this provides the best canvas for the speaker to work from. This form of sign language is especially useful for people who have usher syndrome and have lost their hearing first followed by their sight. This is because they will already know what the signs look like, as the signs are only very slightly modified from the local visual sign language.
What About People Who Do Not Use Sign Language?There may well be cases when a person who has no prior knowledge of visual sign language wants to learn to use hands on signing to communicate. However, if this person is blind as well as deaf it can be tricky for them to master all of the signs associated with a visual sign language. In this case, hands on signing can be modified to use an interpretation of the local spoken and written language. This poses a problem for conversing with people who are not familiar with this version of hands on signing but it is by no means an insurmountable obstacle to using hands on signing.
Other Points to NoteA key point to note for anyone who is thinking of trying to learn any form of tactile signing, is that as these forms are generally developed for deafblind people, care should be taken in what one is wearing. This is because many deafblind people do have some limited sight left and use colours and light to identify things. This means that people should try to wear clothes in block colours which contrast with the wearer's skin, so that the deafblind person can more readily make out the shapes on their back or other part of the body. Stripes, dots and other patterns should definitely be avoided.
Hands on signing is an ingenious method of communicating without using the two senses most commonly associated with methods of communication. It can be literally a lifeline for some deafblind people who have no other way of conversing with people. And, as it is based on a form of communication with a standardised version, sign language, it does not take too much effort for a sign language speaker to adapt their language to suit hands on signing.