Home > About Sign Language > How Do Brains Process Sign Language?

How Do Brains Process Sign Language?

By: Joanne Walker BA (hons) - Updated: 30 Aug 2012 | comments*Discuss
How Do Brains Process Sign Language?

As other articles in this series indicate, the way sign language is structured is different to the way spoken languages are structured. Therefore, brains have to process these languages in a different way, rather than simply translating each word into a spoken language before understanding. Added to this is the speed at which most sign languages are conveyed and it becomes clear that to be able to understand and use a sign language, brains have to process that sign language in a different way and work differently to the way they do with ordinary language.

Visual Images

Although there are semantic differences between sign language and spoken language, the main obvious difference to any onlooker is the use of the visual images. This in turn leads to a big change in the way the brain takes this language and understands it. English speakers can process visual imagery, but not the same extent that sign language speakers do. Therefore, learning sign language improves the processing of visual images – and the more it used the more improved the brain becomes at this. In addition, it has also been proved in research that ‘non-native’ users of sign language – that is to say, those who do not use it from birth – are less adept at this processing that people who have used it since the earliest time they could communicate. This proves more than ever, the importance of teaching deaf children to use sign language from a very early age.

Which Parts of the Brain are Used?

Few studies have been carried out into the ways brains work in relation to deaf people processing language but those that have been carried out prove that one surprising fact is true – that deaf people use the same parts of the brain as hearing people to process the language – and that those bits of the brain which process spoken language and not curtailed in the brains of deaf people. This leads them to be able to use this part of the brain for processing sign language.

This would make logical sense if we were only referring to lip reading and other ways of communicating which are linked to spoken language but the fact that this is also true for sign language, which has no link at all to spoken language, is very interesting. More work is now being carried out into how the brain can manage to process such very different language systems with the same part of the brain.

The brain is a fascinating organ and as such, we should really not be surprised that it can do such magnificent work. But we should pay attention to the findings of further research yet to be carried out by academics as it will tell us something very important about how language in general works – regardless of whether it is linked to hearing and spoken language or not. The one thing which our understanding of the brain does tell us is that which has always been believed of language and children – the earlier they are exposed to it, the more fluent they will be,

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • Basma
    Re: Hands on Signing
    Hi I have a blind child and he has a moderate hearing loss. I wonder if you can help me to teach him sign language and I need to learn as well.…
    30 July 2019
  • Signing with seniors
    Re: Sign Supported English
    Does anyone know of any programmes or resources for using SSE with older people whose hearing has deteriorated in later life?
    16 May 2019
  • umaymah
    Re: Makaton
    what is makaton??????????????????????????
    11 December 2018
  • john smith
    Re: John Smith: UK's Only Deaf Comedian
    Am deaf and dumb of south west africa nigeria,deaf-uk original post in this 2006 bill 2018.thanh you
    3 December 2018
  • john smith
    Re: John Smith: UK's Only Deaf Comedian
    Am deaf and dumb in south west africa nigeria,deaf-uk 2006 bill 2018.thanh you
    3 December 2018
  • john smith
    Re: John Smith: UK's Only Deaf Comedian
    Thank you your message me to addition deaf people uk
    7 August 2018
  • Debb
    Re: Left Hand Signing
    I am right handed. When watching online various teaching do i mirror tbe to do it right handed?
    15 May 2018
  • Sue
    Re: Getting to Know One Another
    I have been searching everywhere for the how to sign "Live" as in, "where do you live?" in makaton, I cant seem to find it…
    24 April 2018
  • MisttY
    Re: Hands on Signing
    @Puckle - there must be lots of free online videos offering this. It would be a very easy and cost-effective way to learn. Good luck.
    10 April 2018
  • Puckle
    Re: Hands on Signing
    I have wanted to learn to communicate with deafblind people for a long while after seeing a documentary about it. It moved me so much that a lot…
    10 April 2018